Water can form a solid when it becomes cooled to a temperature lower than 0 degrees. The atoms start to slow down and become more attracted to each other therefore solidifying. When heated to a temperature greater than 0 degrees the atoms in the ice start to speed up and eventually lose connection with their partner and bounce around on their own, slipping past each other which is how the ice starts melting. When heated to a temperature of 100 degrees the atoms in the water start going faster and bounce into the air which starts the evaporation. If something were to be held over the boiling water it would get droplets of water on it. These droplets are called condensation.
Solid - Water can take the form of a solid when the temperature of the water reaches freezing point (0 degrees Centigrade). When the water begins solidifying, the atoms start to vibrate slower and slower, until to the point that they are packed tightly together, forming a solid (ice).
Liquid - If the process is reversed (ice starts melting), then the atoms start to vibrate faster, loosening, thus forming once again into a liquid.
Gas - When water is heated to boiling point (100 degrees Centigrade), the atoms start to loosen up even more. When steam starts to rise from the water, the process of evaporation is taking place. If, for example, the steam/gas collided with a certain object (such as glass), you would see fog on the glass, this is called condensation. This gas's (steam) atoms are so loose they move about more easily than water.
Water can change from a solid to a liquid to a gas and vice versa. Here is how water changes it state of matter;
Solid- Water is solidifying when it is frozen below 0 degrees and the molecules of water are packed together tight but still moves in an attraction-repulsion and vice versa movement and it becomes a solid. When the water solid (ice) is heated up to well beyond 0 degrees, the molecules move quicker and faster until they break away slightly from each other and the ice is melting until it becomes a liquid.
Liquid- Is what water is after it melts or forms from steam (water in its gas form). It can be water from a lake to little droplets of water which is the result of condensation which is the result of clouds pouring rain over the world. The molecules are slightly looser than in its solid state yet move in a certain movement. When liquid water is heated to boiling (100 degrees) and over, the molecules are even more looser than before and becomes steam after going through the process of evaporation, a process when heat causes substances and liquids to when reaching a certain temperature becomes a gas and disappears from the rest of its substance or liquid.
Gas- The form water takes after being heated to 100 degrees and over. Called steam in its gas form, the water now has very loose molecules and moves freely unless being compressed. Like its liquid and solid form, the steam's molecules move in a certain movement. If steam is cooled down, the molecules would pack together and become a liquid or even a solid.
solid: water can form a solid when it stays in a temperature below 0 degrees celcius for about 10 to 20 minutes when it begins to turn into solid ice it is beggining to SOLIDIFY, (turn to ice.)
liquid: there is a simple explanation for how water becomes a liquid-, it is a liquid. But if all you have is ice you can leave the ice out in the heat and watch it melt it will only take about 5-10 minutes if the ice is placed in a reasonable temperature (about 25 degrees celcius) it will start MELTING and turning into water or water droplets which is the result of CONDENSATION.
gas: water can form a gas or steam by simply just heating it up eg. when you heat up chocolate the molecules inside go crazy and this causes the chocolate to melt but when you heat up water the molecules spread out even more than they already were and then they begin to rise (EVAPORATION) and when they evaporate the rise as steam(lots of spread out molecules.)
solid: when the temperature of water gets below 0 degres celcius the atoms begin to condensen which makes water solidify in an ice form.
liquid: water begins a liquid but if you have ice heating it at 100 degres will begin to melt ice slowly.
gas: water when heated begins to evaporate slowly the hotter the water the more evaporating.
Solids, liquids and gasses.
Water can be formed as a solid, liquid and gas. It can be done so by either setting the temperature to 100 degrees ( which makes it boil) and will turn into a steam/gas. It is done because the atoms in the water make bigger movements and the "springs" would eventually break and the atoms would go everywhere. The atoms would spread out and this is called evaporation.
If the water is frozen to 0 degrees, the atoms in the water would form together and would only move in little steps which is solidifying the water.
If you want a liquid, you can just get it from the tap, or you can start melting the ice. this can be done by putting the ice to over 10 degrees and leave it for five minutes to ten. If you put water into a bowl and cover it with glad wrap, leave it to heat and this will be condensation. When you think it's been long enough, take the cover off and take all the water off the glad wrap.
water can turn into a solid when heat is transferred away from it. water freezes at 0°c. when the atoms are cold, the slow down and become more attached to each other. this is called solidifying.
water IS liquid.
ice can turn into liquid when heat is transfered to it. atoms moves faster and vibrate when heat is transfered to it. this is called melting.
water can turn into gas when it reaches 100°c. when atoms reach 100°c, they bounce and move around more, allowing the liquid to evaporate. this is called evaporation.
gas can be turned back into a liquid when it meets a cold surface. this is called condensation.
gas can change into a solid without going through the liquid stage, this is called sublimation.
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